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Constructivism (philosophy of education)

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❶Knowledge is thus a product of humans and is socially and culturally constructed. It helped me a lot in terms of clarifying to readers how I considered the quality of my own research.

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Rebecca J. Hogue
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In spite of the subjectivity of human constructions of reality, relational constructivism focusses on the relational conditions applying to human perceptional processes.

In recent decades, constructivist theorists have extended the traditional focus on individual learning to address collaborative and social dimensions of learning.

It is possible to see social constructivism as a bringing together of aspects of the work of Piaget with that of Bruner and Vygotsky. The concept Communal constructivism was developed by Leask and Younie [72] in through their research on the European SchoolNet [73] which demonstrated the value of experts collaborating to push the boundaries of knowledge i. In the seminal European SchoolNet research where for the first time academics were testing out how the internet could support classroom practice and pedagogy, experts from a number of countries set up test situations to generate and understand new possibilities for educational practice.

Bryn Holmes in applied this to student learning as described in an early paper, "in this model , students will not simply pass through a course like water through a sieve but instead leave their own imprint in the learning process.

Constructivism has influenced the course of programming and computer science. Some famous programming languages have been created, wholly or in part, for educational use, to support the constructionist theory of Seymour Papert. These languages have been dynamically typed , and reflective. Logo is the best known of them. Constructivism has also informed the design of interactive machine learning systems. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Towards a Theory of Knowledge New York: Working for Cognitive Change in School. A Belated review of the "Constructivist Bible " ". British Journal for the History of Science. Vygotsky and the social formation of mind. Constructivism in Science Education. Development of Higher Psychological Processes. Handbook of the Sociology of Education. Handbooks of Sociology and Social Research. Thomas 1 January Journal of Teacher Education. Historical Foundations of Educational Psychology.

Perspectives on Individual Differences. Cognitive Psychology and Instruction 3rd ed. The Journal of Experimental Education. Handbook of educational psychology. Process, personality, interests, and knowledge".

Students Solving Authentic Corporate Problems". Constructivism and the Technology of Instruction: Journal of Educational Psychology. Asia Pacific Education Review. Applications and misapplications of cognitive psychology in mathematics education. Constructivism Ahead Holloway, Educational Leadership, 57 3. Archived from the original PDF on Neo-Piagetian theories of cognitive development: Implications and applications to education.

Epistemology, Education and Dynamite". Educational Philosophy and Theory. Instructional principles from the worked examples research". Review of Educational Research. Smooth transitions help learning". Journal of Experimental Education. Instructional Design in Technical Areas. Teaching at Its Best: John Wiley and Sons. A Response to Kirschner, Sweller, and Clark ". The role of modality and contiguity" PDF. British Journal of Educational Psychology. Educational Technology Research and Development.

Psychology of Learning and Motivation. When less is more: Research and theory insights about instruction for complex learning.

Handling Complexity in Learning Environments: Developing constructivist early childhood curriculum: Early childhood education series. An Exposition of Constructivism: Why Some Like It Radical. Constructivist Foundations, 9 3 , How Children Think and Learn.

Understanding children's worlds 2nd ed. An online community for European teachers? A valuable professional resource? Students constructing learning for as well as with others" PDF. Anders; Glaser, Robert Brookings Papers on Education Policy 1: Brain, Mind, Experience, and School. The National Academies Press. Handbook of Human Performance Technology 2nd ed. The guided discovery principle in multimedia learning. Learning how to Learn by Concept Mapping: A manifesto for a constructivist approach to uses of technology in higher education.

The Psychology of Intelligence. Journal of Research in Science Teaching. Active learning Block scheduling Cognitive load Constructivism Developmentally appropriate practice Discovery learning Holistic education Holistic grading Inclusion Inquiry-based learning Inventive spelling Open-space school Outcome-based education Problem-based learning Small schools movement. Achievement gap Excellence and equity. Authentic assessment Criterion-referenced test Norm-referenced test High school graduation examination.

List of standardized tests in the United States Standardized testing and public policy. Retrieved from " https: Education reform Alternative education Educational psychology Constructivism. Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from January Articles with incomplete citations from January All articles with incomplete citations Articles with incomplete citations from February Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from February Articles with incomplete citations from March Articles with too few wikilinks from January All articles with too few wikilinks Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from January All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify Wikipedia articles with style issues from January All articles with style issues Articles with multiple maintenance issues All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from October Articles with unsourced statements from November This weeks topic in epistemologies was constructivism.

When I first heard the term triangulation, I related it to coastal navigation as in navigating boats. In navigation, triangulation refers to taking the bearings of three objects, such that the intersection or triangle created by the barring lines is used to make a best guess about your location at the time of bearing. In qualitative research, triangulation is about understanding different perspectives. There is a fundamentally different world-view between navigation practice and qualitative research.

So in navigation, the intention is to find the single truth and in qualitative research it is about finding the different perspectives. Interestingly, both are seeking to measure validity. When I first heard of grounded-theory, I thought of research that is grounded-in-theory. Again, I was thinking from a positivist perspective, where you apply theory to determine a hypothesis to test, that is, you use a theoretical lens to predict what you see in the world.

Qualitative grounded-theory is exactly the opposite. In grounded-theory you examine the data to try to extract a theory. It is a process of discovery rather than confirmation. What is interesting is that I see value in both perspectives. I am definitely confirming myself as a mixed-methods gal, as I see qualitative research to be rich in description and the best method for discovery of and innovation, two things that I value highly.

However, I cannot easily dismiss my positivist upbringing, and the desire to use quantitative methods as a means of validation of theories. A series of articles published in the journal Critical Inquiry served as a manifesto for the movement of critical constructivism in various disciplines, including the natural sciences. Not only truth and reality, but also " evidence ", " document ", " experience ", " fact ", "proof", and other central categories of empirical research in physics , biology , statistics , history , law , etc.

Thus, a "realist" or "rationalist" interpretation is subjected to criticism. Kincheloe's political and pedagogical notion above has emerged as a central articulation of the concept. While recognizing the constructedness of reality, many representatives of this critical paradigm deny philosophy the task of the creative construction of reality.

They eagerly criticize realistic judgments, but they do not move beyond analytic procedures based on subtle tautologies. They thus remain in the critical paradigm and consider it to be a standard of scientific philosophy per se.

James Mark Baldwin invented this expression, which was later popularized by Jean Piaget. Numerous criticisms have been leveled at Constructivist epistemology. The most common one is that it either explicitly advocates or implicitly reduces to relativism. This is because it takes the concept of truth to be a socially "constructed" and thereby socially relative one. This leads to the charge of self-refutation: In another social formation, it may well be false.

If so, then social constructivism itself would be false in that social formation. Further, one could then say that social constructivism could be both true and false simultaneously. Another criticism of constructivism is that it holds that the concepts of two different social formations be entirely different and incommensurate.

This being the case, it is impossible to make comparative judgements about statements made according to each worldview. This is because the criteria of judgement will themselves have to be based on some worldview or other. If this is the case, then it brings into question how communication between them about the truth or falsity of any given statement could be established. Social Constructivists [ who?

As the Wittgensteinian philosopher Gavin Kitching [11] argues, however, constructivists usually implicitly presuppose a deterministic view of language which severely constrains the minds and use of words by members of societies: Kitching notes the contradiction here: While other individuals are controlled by the dominant concepts of society, the advocate of constructivism can transcend these concepts and see through them.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Constructivism philosophy of education. The Foundations of Social Science Research: Meaning and Perspective in the Research Process , Sage. Award Abstract , Constructionism: University of Chicago Press. Archived PDF from the original on A paradigm governs, in the first instance, not a subject matter but rather a group of practitioners. The Logic of Chance: The Nature and Origin of Biological Evolution.

Random House Digital, Inc. We shall adopt an approach that we call model-dependent realism. It is based on the idea that our brains interpret the input from our sensory organs by making a model of the world.

When such a model is successful at explaining events, we tend to attribute to it, and to the elements and concepts that constitute it, the quality of reality or absolute truth.

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Constructivism Research Philosophy “ Constructivism is the recognition that reality is a product of human intelligence interacting with experience in the real world. As soon as you include human mental activity in the process of knowing reality, you have accepted constructivism ” Davis Elkind.

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The readings, including the first chapter of Denzin and Lincoln’s “Strategies of qualitative inquiry” (), talked more about qualitative research than constructivism. Fortunately, I’m familiar with constructivism from learning theory, and the epistemology, although different, shares many of the same ideas.

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Explore the research methods terrain, read definitions of key terminology, and discover content relevant to your research methods journey. What is the difference between constructivism and pragmatism philosophical approaches in drawing on quantitative methods of data collection? in both constructivist and pragmatic research, but.

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International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 3, Issue 12, December 1 ISSN Educational Research on “Constructivism” - An Exploratory View. Constructivist Learning Theory research papers discuss constructivism as a learning theory. Bruner Constructivism - One of the founding fathers of constructivist theory. Constructivist Learning Environments discusses an order placed for a compare and contrast paper on what u have created as a teacher.