This set of overlapping circles can help you visualize where your subjects are similar and where they differ. Major points of difference are also good to note.
Consider your main points. Instead, choose a few points that seem to be particularly important. These are points of comparison ways they are similar. These are points of contrast ways they are different. These points of contrast can often be good places to start thinking about your thesis, or argument.
Do these differences make one animal a superior type of pet? Or a better pet choice for a specific living situation e. Show readers why one subject is more desirable than the other. If your teacher recommends this form, go for it. However, you should be aware that especially in college, teachers and professors tend to want students to break out of this limited mode. Decide on a structure. There are several ways to organize a compare-and-contrast essay. Which one you choose depends on what works best for your ideas.
This organization deals with all of the points about Topic A, then all of the points of Topic B. For example, you could discuss all your points about frozen pizza in as many paragraphs as necessary , then all your points about homemade pizza.
This type of organization switches back and forth between points. For example, you could first discuss the prices of frozen pizza vs.
The disadvantage is that you do switch back and forth between topics, so you need to make sure that you use transitions and signposts to lead your reader through your argument. This organization presents all the comparisons first, then all the contrasts. Putting the contrasts last places the emphasis on them.
However, it can be more difficult for your readers to immediately see why these two subjects are being contrasted if all the similarities are first. Outlining your essay will help you work out the main organizational structure and will give you a template to follow as you develop your ideas. No matter how you decided to organize your essay, you will still need to have the following types of paragraphs: This paragraph comes first and presents the basic information about the subjects to be compared and contrasted.
It should present your thesis and the direction of your essay i. These are the meat of your essay, where you provide the details and evidence that support your claims. Each different section or body paragraph should tackle a different division of proof.
It should provide and analyze evidence in order to connect those proofs to your thesis and support your thesis. Many middle-school and high-school essays may only require three body paragraphs, but use as many as is necessary to fully convey your argument. This paragraph acknowledges that other counter-arguments exist, but discusses how those arguments are flawed or do not apply.
This paragraph summarizes the evidence presented. It will restate the thesis, but usually in a way that offers more information or sophistication than the introduction could. Take it to the next level! Outline your body paragraphs based on subject-to-subject comparison.
Let's say you're working with the following statement: This method of organization can be unwieldy, so if you choose it, be sure not to let your paragraphs become page-long lists of points about each subject. A subject-to-subject body paragraph outline could look like this: Body Paragraph 1 Woods: Types of Activities and Facilities Conclusion. Outline your body paragraphs based on point-by-point comparison. This is the more common method used in the comparison and contrast essay.
For example, in this case, you could write one paragraph describing the weather in both the woods and the beach, one paragraph describing the activities in each location, and a third describing the facilities in both. Here's how the essay could look: Discuss first difference between woods and beaches: Woods Beach Body Paragraph 2: Discuss second difference between woods and beaches: Woods Beach Body Paragraph 3: Discuss third difference between woods and beaches: Outline your body paragraphs based on compare then contrast.
This type of organization works best for when you want to emphasize the contrasts between your subjects. First, you discuss how your subjects are similar. Introduction Body Paragraph 1: Similarity between woods and beaches both are places with a wide variety of things to do Body Paragraph 2: First difference between woods and beaches they have different climates Body Paragraph 3: Second difference between woods and beaches there are more easily accessible woods than beaches in most parts of the country Body Paragraph 4: Emphasis on the superiority of the woods to the beach Conclusion.
Organize your individual body paragraphs. Once you've chosen an organizational method for your body paragraphs, you'll need to have an internal organization for the body paragraphs themselves. Each of your body paragraphs will need to have the three following elements: This sentence introduces the main idea and subject of the paragraph.
It can also provide a transition from the ideas in the previous paragraph. These sentences provide concrete evidence that support the topic sentence and main idea. Use your brainstorming ideas to fill in your outline. Look at the lists and diagrams you generated to help you find the evidence for your comparisons and contrasts. If you are having trouble finding evidence to support your argument, go back to your original texts and try the brainstorming process again.
It could be that your argument is evolving past where it started, which is good! You just need to go back and look for further evidence. For example, in a body paragraph about the quality of ingredients in frozen vs. It can also let you express your imagination. Pineapple and peanut butter pizza? Using your own ingredients lets you have fun with your food. Come up with a title. Depending on your audience and the situation, you may make a joke or a pun, ask a question, or provide a summary of your main point.
One of the most common mistakes student writers make is to not give themselves enough time to take a step back from their essays for a day or two. Start early so that you can let your finished draft sit for a day, or at least a few hours.
Then, come back to it with fresh eyes. Reading your essay aloud can also help you find problem spots. Look out for any grammatical errors, confusing phrasing, and repetitive ideas.
Look for a balance in your paper: Here are some things to consider before you turn in your paper: Don't use overly negative or defamatory language to show why a subject is unfavorable; use solid evidence to prove your points instead.
Avoid first-person pronouns unless told otherwise. Spelling and punctuation errors happen to everyone, but not catching them can make you seem lazy.
Write a body paragraph for a point-by-point compare and contrast essay. Here is a sample paragraph for a body paragraph that uses point-by-point comparison: At the beach, one can enjoy the water by swimming, surfing, or even building a sandcastle with a moat that will fill with water. When one is in the woods, one may be able to go fishing or swimming in a nearby lake, or one may not be near water at all. At the beach, one can keep one's kids entertained by burying them in sand or kicking around a soccer ball; if one is in the woods, one can entertain one's kids by showing them different plans or animals.
Both the beach and the woods offer a variety of activities for adults and kids alike. Write a body paragraph for a subject-by-subject compare and contrast essay. Here is a sample paragraph for a body paragraph that uses subject-by-subject comparison: If a person goes to the beach during the right day or time of year, he or she can enjoy warm, yet refreshing water, a cool breeze, and a relatively hot climate.
At the beach, one can go swimming, sunbathe, or build sandcastles. There are also great facilities at the beach, such as a changing room, umbrellas, and conveniently-located restaurants and changing facilities. The climate, activities, and facilities are important points to consider when deciding between the beach and the woods.
Start out by naming both of the things you are comparing. For example, with apples and oranges, start out by saying, "Apples and oranges have many differences.
A more detailed and multifarious thesis statement will typically consist of both similarities and dissimilarities. Whichever direction you go, the essay writing format is the same: The introductory paragraph should engage readers and encourage them to continue reading, for this reason it is important to focus on a key fact about one of the subjects being compared or to ask a question that will be answered in the body or conclusion of the essay.
The introduction of a comparison paper should effectively describe what the proceeding essay is to discuss so if you are planning to compare apple trees and oak trees, be certain to use clear language. Why do oak trees create curb appeal? Both improve the esthetics of a yard for different reasons, and they have more similarities than you may have originally thought. The introduction should be used to create an overall outline of the comparison research paper.
For example, if the initial compare and contrast paragraph focuses on comparing and contrasting each tree, the second should focus on a different point — like the overall esthetics of the two, and the third may be about differences in upkeep. Much like all essays, the body of a compare and contrast essay requires a certain degree of planning. This means that before attempting to compare and contrast the chosen subjects, it is necessary to create a list of everything that you know to be true about each item.
This means that you may have to do a little more research to see how your items are connected. As you research each item, attempt to find information that may not be widely known. Keep in mind that if a reader is going to choose to read an essay comparing and contrasting apple and oak trees, they probably already have a thorough knowledge on the subject matter.
In order to keep your essay informative and engaging, you will need to source for factual information that not only impresses the reader but also teaches them something they may not have already known. The closing paragraph is also essential in writing a comparing and contrasting essay. It should conclude the compare and contrast essay in its entirety and not leave any margin of doubt.
Essentially, there are two possible ways to outline or organize a comparative writing paper. The first, being the one mentioned earlier — the Point-by-Point or Alternating Method. And the second being the Block Method. In this method, the writer uncovers points related to item A and item B and alternates between the two based on the point being made. Regardless of whether or not the items are similar or different, the Point-by-Point method necessitates that the writer have something of value to say about each item in each point.
There is not stipulation on how many points can be compared, provided that the points being made are relevant. Generally speaking, teachers prefer when students use the point-by-point method because it has been proven to more accurately highlight the differences and similarities by contrasting each point.
This method also produces a more thought provoking and analytical research paper. If you are able to clearly and concisely identify relatable points between subject A and subject B, the alternating method is likely the most productive format to follow. Also referred to as the Subject-by-Subject method, the block method requires that the writer discusses point for subject A and then every point for subject B. When choosing the Block Method, do not attempt to inject two unrelated essays into a thesis statement.
The second subject should refer to the first subject and make clear reference as to how the two are comparable or different. This will help to ensure continuity and strengthen reader engagement.
Less commonly used, the block method is beneficial when you are having difficulty establishing points that closely relate subject A to subject B or when you are attempting to compare and contract three or more items. Our company offers the best essay writing service on the web and is always ready to help with your task! All our writers hold either a college or a PhD degree and are well experienced in writing all kinds of essays.
The compare and contrast essay, also called the comparison and contrast essay, requires the writer to compare the differences and similarities between two or more items. The context will vary depending on the nature of the essay.
One of the most common is the comparison/contrast essay, in which you focus on the ways in which certain things or ideas—usually two of them—are similar to (this is the comparison) and/or different from (this is the contrast) one another.
How to Write a Compare and Contrast Essay Outline: A Point-By-Point Organization. By point-by-point, we merely mean a comparison that concentrates on comparing and contrasting one factor in both subjects, and all at the same time! As a reader, you’ll quickly follow its simple structure. A comparison and contrast essay dissects two related ideas. Like any essay, this paper needs a clear thesis, but the body focuses on specific traits that are similar or comparable, and different or contrasting, between the two ideas.