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Old Norse (Dǫnsk tunga / Norrœnt mál)

Old Norse alphabet and pronunciation

❶Proto-Germanic Proto-Germanic grammar Germanic parent language. Uruz Uruz represents strength, speed, and good health.

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Younger Futhark

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Old Norse was a North Germanic language once spoken in Scandinavia, the Faroe Islands, Iceland, Greenland, and in parts of Russia, France and the British Isles and Ireland. It was the language of the Vikings or Norsemen. The modern language most closely related to Old Norse is Icelandic, the written.

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Watch video · Thanks to Niklas Dougherty for some of the information on this page. Sample text - Lord's Prayer in Old Norse (Runic alphabet - Futhark) Transliteration.

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The Elder Futhark, used for writing Proto-Norse, consists of 24 runes that often are arranged in three groups of eight; each group is referred to as an Ætt. The earliest known sequential listing of the full set of 24 runes dates to approximately AD and is found on the Kylver Stone in Gotland, Sweden. Old Norse was the language spoken by the Vikings, and the language in which the Eddas, sagas, and most of the other primary sources for our current knowledge of Norse mythology were written. Old Norse is a member of the Germanic family of languages, which also includes English, German, and several other languages that are widely spoken today.

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Writing in Norse runes is not easy. Runic alphabets, including Elder and Younger Futhark, require each its own approach. This guide explains how to do it. Delve into the hoary history of the Norse writing system. Who Were the Vikings? Smithsonian archeologist William Fitzhugh reveals what drove the Vikings on their adventures to distant shores.