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Online Guide to Writing and Research

Primary Research Projects

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Surveys are conducted by distributing questionnaires to a large group of respondents. There are two main types of survey questions: Open-ended questions are questions that solicit a written response from the survey respondent. Close-ended questions come in the form of yes or no questions and scales that ask participants to assign ranks to different response choices.

This type of survey question is valuable for obtaining numeric data that can be used to compile statistical evidence. Researchers make observations when they visually examine a person, event, or place and take notes on the details they witness. Observations allow the researcher to obtain information that subjects of a study might lack the objectivity to provide.

Data analysis involves the organization of data based upon criteria that is established by the researcher. This type of research is especially useful for identifying trends to describe a certain phenomenon. For example, researcher who wants to determine whether robberies are more likely to occur at night or during the day might look to crime report figures to conduct a data analysis.

Writers are in good shape if they are adept at any one of these types of primary research tools. The majority of research designs will use one or more of these research methods. In addition to understanding the different types of primary research, it is equally important to know when it is beneficial to conduct interviews, surveys, observations, or data analysis. Here is a look at the advantages and disadvantages of each primary research method.

Interviews are beneficial for obtaining information, perspectives, or opinions on a research topic. Because interview questions are open ended, participants are free to fully express their answers to the interview question and provide detailed answers.

The downside of interviews is that they can be time consuming. It can take anywhere from 30 minutes to several hours to interview each study participant. Because interview questions are hard to quantify, this form of research is undesirable for research topics that require you to identify trends in data. Surveys allow researchers to obtain feedback from a large number of people in a short period of time.

One questionnaire can be distributed to thousands of participants and used to find meaningful trends from the responses. Since surveys call for the opinions of research participants, the feedback they obtain can be subjective in nature. Even questions asking for concrete information, such as the number of times the survey taker purchased a certain product in a month, relies upon the accuracy of the respondent. Without careful controls, survey responses can be very unreliable as evidence.

Observations allow researchers to obtain objectivity that might not be lacking from interviews and surveys. For example, a researcher might choose to observe a family at the dinner table and record their conversations. By directly observing the family, the researcher does not have to rely upon the correct recollection of the research participants to access accurate information. Making observations can be the most time-consuming method of conducting research.

Because the researcher must be present to observe the event, a significant amount of time must be allotted to watching the research subject and recording the results. Data analysis enables researchers to organize and make sense of large amounts of information. Data collected and analyzed from credible sources can significantly boost the authority of any research project. This method of research is the most beneficial method of obtaining an objective evaluation of trends and patterns.

Drawing meaningful conclusions from data might require an advanced background in statistics. To eliminate errors or misinterpretations of the data, the researcher must have a keen understanding of data analysis techniques.

Draft a research question to be answered through your research. Determine which research methods will answer your question. Design a plan for carrying out your selected research method. Determine how you will collect and analyze your data. Ultius is the trusted provider of content solutions for consumers around the world. Go to Homepage current My Account my. Core offerings Browse by service type Start your search By selecting a service type.

Conducting Primary Research Step 3: Types of Papers 3: Works Cited Page When to Conduct Primary Research 1. Your professor requires it 2. You are writing for an advanced course 3. The essay subject requires it 4. There is little existing research 5: To dispute pre-existing research 6.

Ultius Writing Services Writing research papers can be hard, and Ultius is here to help. Getting Started Step 1: Identify your research topic Step 2: In this class taught by W. The Nathan Dane Collaborative is a model project designed to expand the archival resources of both the Massachusetts Historical Society and the Beverly Historical Society.

The Collaborative is designed to provide a catalyst for local historical societies to catalog and digitize various manuscript collections that are particular to their local institution. Your email address will not be published.

Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Notify me of new posts by email. Local History, Closer to Home The student research and databases on primaryresearch. Modern Day Postcards Students were assigned to make historical postcards of Beverly. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Archaeological Field Training Site. Architecture Gravestone Glossary Archaeology Handbook:


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Primary research is designed to meet your unique and specific needs. This fundamental research is conducted by you (if you're on a tight budget), or by a research firm that you hire for the project—usually a firm that comes recommended by a colleague.

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This student-developed project begins with a database of around Beacon Hill/West End African-Americans from , using city directories, the federal census, Primary Research Through the History of Beverly Nathan Dane Collaborative African-Americans in Antebellum Boston. The “primary research” aspect of the class is the focus, as students gain understanding of what it means to be historians, to conduct original research and write original papers. Nathan Dane Collaborative.

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Explore HeidiSongs's board "Primary Research Project Ideas" on Pinterest. | See more ideas about Teaching ideas, School and Teaching science. In many cases, your professor will require primary research for a specific paper or project. Both physical and social science professors often require primary research in under-division courses to help students get a feel for primary research techniques.