Beneath the title, type the author's name: Do not use titles Dr. Beneath the author's name, type the institutional affiliation , which should indicate the location where the author s conducted the research. Begin a new page. Your abstract page should already include the page header described above. Beginning with the next line, write a concise summary of the key points of your research. Your abstract should contain at least your research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis, and conclusions.
You may also include possible implications of your research and future work you see connected with your findings. Your abstract should be a single paragraph, double-spaced. Your abstract should be between and words. You may also want to list keywords from your paper in your abstract. To do this, indent as you would if you were starting a new paragraph, type Keywords: Listing your keywords will help researchers find your work in databases.
The page template for the new OWL site does not include contributors' names or the page's last edited date. However, select pages, like the Citation Style Chart , still include this information. Purdue Online Writing Lab. Contributors' names Last edited date.
Common Words that Sound Alike Numbers: Text Elements Visual Rhetoric: Process and Materials Overview: An Introduction Researching Programs: Practical Considerations Researching Programs: Drafting Your Statement Statements of Purpose: The Basics In-Text Citations: Basic Rules Reference List: Articles in Periodicals Reference List: Other Print Sources Reference List: Electronic Sources Reference List: Organization and Structure Graduate Writing Workshops: Use hyphens for ages expressed as adjectives before a noun or as substitutes for a noun.
An exception to spelling out numbers for planes, ships, etc. Decimalization should not exceed two places in most text material. An exception is blood alcohol content, which is express in three decimals. Spell out the noun, which refers to any length of building lumber 2 inches thick by 4 inches wide. In military ranks, spell out the figure when it is used after the name or without a name.
In narrative, spell out nine and under except for yard lines in football and individual and team statistical performances. Also for certain legislative acts Title IX. Except in formal reference, pro football Super Bowls should be identified by the year, rather than the Roman numerals. Numbers used to indicate order first, second, 10th, 25th, etc. Spell out first through ninth.
Style guidelines from the American Psychological Association (APA) help writers maintain a uniform way of writing. Because APA style is used for scientific and clinical writing, numbers are often included.
In APA Style, the rules for presenting numbers apply to the presentation of grade numbers. This post will explain the most common formats. Grade + a Numeral. When the word grade is followed by a numeral, always capitalize grade and use a .
If i am referring to a chapter number, how do I write it correctly in apa? i.e. Referring back to chapter 3 (three) Question 2: If I am referring to a grade level in education, do I say Grade 2 or Grade Two? VIII. Using APA Style in Academic Writing: Clear Attribution of Action; VII. Using APA Style in Academic Writing: Precision and Clarity; VI. Using APA Style in Academic Writing: Et Al. V. Using APA Style in Academic Writing: Line Spacing; IV. Using APA Style in Academic Writing: Abbreviations and Acronyms; III. Using APA Style in Academic .
Numbers. APA rules for numbers state: Use figures for numbers 10 and above (12 of the subjects); for numbers above and below 10 grouped for comparison (2 of 16 responses); for numbers representing time, dates, and age (3 years ago, 2 hr 15 min); for numbers denoting a specific place in a series, book, or table (Table 3, Group 3, page 32). In general, figures are used for numbers 10 and above, and numbers below 10 are spelled out. However, there are some exceptions. APA Rules for Numbers 10 and Above. The sixth edition of the APA style guide states that figures should be used to represent numbers 10 and above (e.g., 15 of the participants).